Really Diesel Vehicles Will No More in India after 2027?
Diesel Vehicles Will No More in India after 2027? India is going to ban four-wheeler diesel vehicles by 2027 according to the recommendation of the Energy Transition Advisory Committee, which is under the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
Former oil secretary Tarun Kapoor heads this committee. The ban on four-wheeler vehicles will first be implemented in cities with more than 1 million. By 2030, all of the city buses will come under electric modification. This article is discussed “Really Diesel Vehicles Will No More in India after 2027?”.
Green House Impact of the Diesel Vehicles
Due to one of the biggest Greenhouse gases emitters in the world and therefore, for the improvement of Global Warming, the Indian government is trying to shift to Renewable Energy to mitigate the emissions. The increment of the temperature also impacts the economy, such as the increment of energy use in daily life, the tree yield will be reduced, and many more.
India’s final energy consumption has risen from 18% to 40%. Our government is gradually promoting Electric Vehicles in the coming days. By 2070, the government aims to produce 40% of electricity from renewable energy to achieve a net zero, and by 2030, 25% of households are aimed at using electricity for cooking.
According to the report, from 2024, all of the new registration cars for cities with more than 1 million should be delivered to electric vehicles. Even the Indian Railway Organization, within the next 2-5 years, all its trains and tracks have been working fast to electrify. According to the FAME scheme, the Indian government is trying to boost Electric Vehicles in the country.
To ban the use of Diesel Vehicles in India, the Advisory Committee Focuses on
1. Share of Grid Power
The advisory committee, suggests to the government to increase the share of Grid power from 18% to 40% by 2035.
2. Set Up Natural Gas Storage Facilities
The advisory said the natural gas storage facilities should be set up within 2 months or as fast as possible to meet the national consumption.
3. New Registration From 2024
In all these cities where the population is more than 1 million, new registration electronic cars will have to be provided from 2024.
4. Railways Freight Share Increase
In 15 years, the share of the railway should rise from 23% to 50% on national freight.
5. Blend LPG Alternative
The use of clean energy, blended energy should be an alternative to the current cooking gas. For example Bio Gas & Hydrogen
6. No diesel city buses in the urban areas.
What are the issues of the Recommendation?
- All diesel cars are cheaper than petrol cars and therefore, this proposal did not talk about implementation on the ground. In all cases, heavy and medium commercial vehicles are used for transporting goods on the highway and most of the Indian cities are used to transport passengers.
- As petrol pumps are available at a certain distance, the implementation of the number of charging stations at a certain distance is quite important for electric vehicles before come into the market.
- If the duration of the ban on commercial vehicles is also increased, significant disruption can occur.
- In the transportation division, about 87% of vehicles are sold from diesel-related vehicles, 68% of vehicles are from buses and some states such as Maharashtra and Haryana are the agricultural state. They use about 48% of diesel vehicles in India.
- If the conversion of diesel vehicles into compressed natural gas (CNG), is not so easy. The CNG vehicles cover the shorter distance and it is having low tonnage capacity. Although the mileage of the Electric vehicle is more than the Petrol/Diesel vehicle, the price of electric cars is very high.
- Also, many auto industry players complained that carmakers who are currently working in the diesel segment already follow the current emission norms and have invested a large amount to transfer their diesel fleet from BS -IV to BS – VI emissions norms.
Limitations of Diesel Cars
1. The diesel engine is having higher compression ratio which means in these types of cars emit higher nitrogen oxide (NO).
2. The maintenance cost of diesel cars is less than that of petrol-powered vehicles. But at the time of servicing of diesel cars, takes more price for repairing or maintaining.
What are the Challenges?
1. Car makers and oil Industries
The car makers and oil industries have invested heavily in the transformation of BS- IV to BS – VI. If the government suddenly banned diesel vehicles, it would impact investors.
2. No Proper Infrastructure Options
In commercial vehicles, the usage of diesel is very high and therefore, there is no proper infrastructure options like charging station, Liquide Natural Gas (LNG), Hydrogen Fuel, etc. are not available in all those big cities.
3. Cost of the Electric Vehicles
Suppose they launched their electric vehicles in the market with the efforts of the government and industry, would the public buy them at a higher price? and moreover, the Indian market run with a discount offer.
4. Battery Disposal and Availability
Electric vehicles are having limited lifespans and so for that there should be careful disposal. Safe disposal is also a challenging part and there should be required proper research of disposing the battery otherwise it would affect the environment.
5. Electric Power Demand
With the increase in Electric Vehicles, there is a demand for energy. Currently, India doesn’t have the proper infrastructure for renewable energy to meet the challenges.
6. Availability of Skilled Labor
Since the electric vehicle in the market is new, there will be a shortage of skilled labor to provide vehicles.